M. J. Lermontov’s Masquerade, the outstanding masterpiece of world romanticism, was written in the same year as Mácha’s May. It is situated in the environment of Petrograd aristocracy and constructed as a typical drama of love, jealousy and revenge. When Prince Arbenin’s wife loses her bracelet at a masquerade, it is found by a baroness who gives it as a present to her lover. However, Prince Arbenin suspects her wife of infidelity. This originally trifling affair results, due to further coincidences, malicious gossip and misunderstandings, in a tragedy. The author himself did not live to see the presentation due to censorship pressures. The drama depicting a contemporary society had and still has been so topical that it had been taboo for world stages for almost twenty-six years.